CITY: Thanh Khe District, Da Nang City
COUNTRY: Viet Nam
MAYOR/GOVERNOR: Thanh Khe District People’s Committee
CITY CONTACT: [email protected]
Da Nang is a dynamic city with a high-rate of socio-economic development in the South -Central Coast region. However, rapid urbanization has put pressure on Da Nang, including the issue of plastic waste. According to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Danang City, Da Nang has more than 1,100 tons of total waste generated every day. It is estimated that in the period from 2020 to 2025, solid waste generation volume will be 1,800 tons/day, 2,400 tons/day from 2025-2030, and about 3000 tons/day from 2030-2040. Currently, there is only the Khanh Son landfill, which is now overloaded and cannot receive more solid waste for further treatment.
Thanh Khe district is located in the center of Da Nang city and adjacent to the sea. Its North borders Da Nang Bay with a coastline of 4.3 km; the East and South borders Hai Chau district; its West is adjacent to Cam Le district and Lien Chieu district. Thanh Khe District have a population of 185,064 people and an area of 9.47 km2 which accounts for 0.73% of the total area of the city. It is the smallest district of the city with the highest population density (19,542 people/km2), including 10 wards such as: Vinh Trung, Tan Chinh, Thac Gian, Chinh Gian, Tam Thuan, Xuan Ha, An Khe, Hoa Khe, Thanh Khe Dong, and Thanh Khe Tay.
Thanh Khe district has pioneered an environment-related project in 2011-2020, following the Resolution No. 02-NQ/QU of Thanh Khe district Party Committee dated March 31st, 2011. The project sets out the following criteria: 100% of wards reach the green-clean-beautiful standards; 100% of households have access to clean water, conduct waste separation at source and sanitarily collect solid waste; 90% of business conduct effectively environmental pollution control; 100% of polluted lakes and streams to be addressed; development of urban areas and spaces to reach 4m2/person by 2020; and developing an assessment system to acknowledge environmentally qualified districts.
In recent years, Thanh Khe has implemented many activities to protect environment and the “zero plastic waste” program. Thanh Khe district People’s Committee (PC) issued Plan No. 343/KH-UBND dated March 16, 2018, aiming for “50% of small businesses in the markets use environmentally friendly plastic bags”. In 2018, Thanh Khe district PC coordinated with the Center for Environment and Community Research (CECR) to implement the project "Non-plastic ocean” focusing on conducting awareness raising programs, rolling out models of minimizing, collecting, sorting and recycling domestic waste, and executing pilots in Xuan Ha ward and replicate to 03 other wards names Tan Chinh, Vinh Trung and Thanh Khe Dong. At the end of 2018, Thanh Khe district PC chose Thanh Khe Tay and Hoa Khe wards to participate in the project “Solid Waste Management Project Focusing on Sorting and Recycling in Da Nang City” sponsored by JICA. Through these projects, people living in the district have initially become aware of the adverse impact of non-biodegradable plastic bags and practiced sorting at sources.
According to the statistics of the Urban Environment Company in Thanh Khe district, the average amount of waste generated in the district is 190 tons/day, including domestic waste from households, business, health care, schools and markets. The collection rate in Thanh Khe is significantly high, which is over 98%, with a continuous collection schedule 5:00 to 24:00 on a daily basis. Survey results and current assessment from the team developing action plan show that:
In general, waste audit results revealed that of the composition of plastic waste; plastic bags accounting for the highest rate, then plastic packaging and single-use plastics. Through surveys, hot spots polluted by waste in Thanh Khe district are still existing, such as along the coast, on sidewalks and some construction areas. Some places such as canals, railway and sewers are often incurred with waste disposal. A waste collection destination and seafood market on Nguyen Tat Thanh street also cause plastic waste leakage to environment.
Based on the above situation, Thanh Khe District PC with WWF support has developed the Action Plan on plastic waste management in Thanh Khe district by 2025, with the following objectives:
Intro of AP workshop
TOT training in “Plastic waste-free program at schools” for educators