CITY : Hue
COUNTRY : Vietnam
POPULATION : 652.572 people (2020)
JOINED : 11/11/2021
SIGNED DECLARATION : 11/11/2021
MAYOR : Tran Song, Vice Chairman of Hue City People’s Committee
CITY CONTACT : +84 234 3822550
OFFICIAL WEBSITE : http://huecity.gov.vn
Hue city is located in the center of Thua Thien Hue province, the area stretches along the Perfume River. The administrative boundaries of Hue city are determined:
Hue city is bordered with the Central Anamite - one of the global key forest landscapes - in the west and Tam Giang - Cau Hai lagoon, which is characterized by high biodiversity with many species listed in the Vietnam’s Red Data Book and designated as a Wetland Protected Area by the People’s Committee of Thua Thien Hue province, in the east. The city is located 668 km south of Hanoi, 1039 km north of Ho Chi Minh City and 95 km north of Da Nang. After adjustment of administrative boundaries and arrangement, establishment of wards, Hue city has 36 commune-level administrative units, including 29 wards and 7 communes according to the Resolution No. 1264/NQ-UBTVQH14 dated April 27, 2021 of the National Assembly Standing Committee on the adjustment of administrative boundaries of district-level administrative units and arrangement and establishment of wards in Hue city. The city has an area of 265.99 km², population in 2020 is 652,572 people, population density reaches 2,453 people/km².
The economic structure includes: Tourism - service - commerce; Agriculture and Industrial production - handicrafts.
At present, although the municipal solid waste (MSW) collection rate in Hue City is pretty high, up to 96% in urban areas and 78% in rural areas, there still exist some hotspots where the solid waste is concentrated and not collected promptly, which adversely affects the environment and people in the surrounding area. Particularly, in the context of the administrative boundaries of the former Hue City have just been expanded since July 1, 2021, according to Resolution No. 1264/NQ-UBTVQH14, the maintenance and promotion of effective MSW management have become a big concern.
Hue City has a dense natural and man-made river system discharging at important ecological wetland and aquaculture cultivation areas, Tam Giang - Cau Hai lagoon and further at the estuary. These areas are impacted by plastic waste dumped directly into the environment, more than 20 percent of the households living along the lagoon dispose of solid waste directly into the environment (WWF, 2021d). More than 20 percent of the households living along the lagoon dispose of their waste directly into the environment. The annual amount of plastic waste leakage in the Tam Giang - Cau Hai lagoon area was approximately 479 tons in which approximately 74.1% entered the hydrological system. Single-use plastics/plastic bags account for 58% of plastic waste leakage (CRET, 2021d).
Plastic leakage is also brought by Huong River running through the city and households living around the river basins and many hotspots were identified along river banks and coastal areas in Hue City (WWF, 2021a). Plastic waste is identified to be direct loss at source with only 16.6% of plastics being recovered and 3.1% of plastics unmanaged (WWF, 2021c). The annual plastic waste leakage in Hue core and the expanded area are 1.8% (349 tons/year) and 10.4% (367 tons/year), respectively (WWF, 2021a). There should be adequate interventions taken to solve this problem with the aim to reduce plastic waste impact on Hue City’s river systems and associated wetland and coastal areas via its engagement in WWF Plastic Smart City Program. Direct and indirect interventions should be included, such as reducing plastic waste, improving the efficiency and rate of plastic collection and recycling rates amongst the target groups, and improving solid waste management (SWM) system as well as awareness raising, capacity building and policy creation and innovation business towards a PSC. The project activities will be implemented with participation of key stakeholders, public, private and civil society organizations (CSOs).
To become a Plastic Smart City, Hue city authorities will commit resources and develop a comprehensive strategy to adopt waste prevention strategies and employ waste management programs to reduce the volume of waste, and improve plastic waste collection prevention, reuse and recycling. The city authorities take the prime responsibility to implement interventions to achieve the specific targets in the PSC action plan while they are the key partner closely collaborating with WWF to implement specific interventions funded by the TV-Action (TVA) to achieve the program targets and indicators. Apart from that, the TVA project not only supports the city to be a smart city with significant plastic reduction but also improves its SWM system by promoting organic waste recycling and utilizing technology in governance.
Core area: Hue City, including 27 wards before the Resolution No. 1264/NQ-UBTVQH14 of the National Assembly Standing Committee dated April 27, 2021 is valid.
 Expanded area: 13 wards/communes of Huong Thuy and Huong Tra towns, and Phu Vang district were merged into Hue core since 1st July, 2021 according to the Resolution No. 1264/NQ-UBTVQH14 of the National Assembly Standing Committee dated April 27, 2021.
To create such impact, the project mainstreams principles of integrated solid waste management to cover both physical and governance aspects of solid waste management and achieve five following outcomes:
The project also designs behavior change communications for target audiences towards sustainable production and consumption, promotes initiatives to form a circular economy (producers) and businesses promoted to implement best practices to reduce plastic waste generation contributing to decrease in plastic leakage into the ocean. Activities have been carried out to increase the collection efficiency on water bodies, areas with difficult access and in expanded areas, remove completely hotspots and pilot the implementation of proposed sustainable financial mechanisms. With the achievements of those inventions, the project will approach the outcome of enhancing efficiency and rate of plastic waste collection. Besides, waste separation at source in Hue City, organization of informal waste sectors, and improvement of control level of recycling facilities and facilitating the establishment of Materials Recovery Facilities (MRF) to increase plastic recycling activities as well as promoting initiatives in organic waste treatment at household and community levels have been given special attention to achieve the outcome of increased plastic waste recovery rate in Hue City.
Finally, developing a plan for Thuy Phuong landfill closure and postclosure maintenance with the HEPCO coordination together with recommendations to improve efficiency for the new treatment facility for Hue city are to reach the outcome of improvement of waste treatment and disposal.
Key plastic reduction targets and goals
The city wants to promote heritage and tourist sites with SUPs reduction, and since then to advertise and communicate the image of Hue heritage city with no plastic in nature.
Hue city has implemented waste separation at source with increasing recycling rate for plastics and organic wastes with engagement of various stakeholders i.e., local CSOs, private and state-owned businesses, schools and markets to pilot their innovative solutions in reducing plastic waste and increasing recycling. The project gets organized waste pickers into a collective group and supports its operation to enhance their role in plastic recycling and their recognition in the solid waste management system.