A City Action Plan addresses a wide range of short and long-term measures, with the aim of preventing plastic from entering the environment, waterways and ultimately, the ocean

TARGET USERS: Government

KEY CONSIDERATIONS: A well-developed City Action Plan on plastic requires a holistic approach that identifies target problems, engages local stakeholders and implements solutions.

    MORE INFORMATION: See PSC City Action Plans - Amsterdam, Oslo, Dubrovnik, Trojir



    While cities adapt to account for a two-thirds global population increase by 2050, they must continue to adopt smart solutions that reduce the collective impact of their prospering communities. These solutions must entail planning for the prevention, minimization and management of plastic waste generated in urban populations.



    A well-developed City Action Plan on plastic waste is critical to ensuring a sustainable, healthy, and inclusive global community. To create such a plan, a city must first take inventory of its local waste stream and collect hard data that can guide strategy. Second, it must commit resources to educate, motivate and mandate, both individuals and industry, to adopt waste prevention strategies that reduce the volume of waste that is collected and managed at the local level. Third, it must employ a scalable waste management program that adheres to the universal waste hierarchy. 



    City of Amsterdam

    On June 20, 2019 the City of Amsterdam signed a letter of intent in which Amsterdam became the first city in the world to commit to becoming plastic smart

    Amsterdam pledged to develop an innovative, feasible action plan that will lead to a clean and healthy situation without plastic pollution by 2030. The city will involve key sectors and local stakeholders in the approach and will evaluate policies, services and financing in order to prevent plastic waste and offer circular solutions.

    The program “Amsterdam Plastic Smart City” gives substance to this:

    • By always keeping in mind why we do it: a healthy, clean, sustainable, circular future.
    • By realizing that education is an indispensable lever for this.
    • By focusing on the sensible use of plastic throughout the entire chain.
    • By using the power of the Amsterdam community: residents of all ages, entrepreneurs, employees in all sectors, schools, social initiatives.
    • By doing it together. We embrace other people’s ideas. We see ourselves primarily as a director, connector, initiator, inspirer, facilitator and stimulator. And, if necessary, a go-getter.
    • By keeping our eyes open: we are inspired by best practices implemented in cities around the world.
    • By making the results measurable and sharing our outcomes.
    • By setting an ambitious short-term target: a 30% reduction in plastic pollution on land and in water by 2023.
    • By propagating our plan and celebrating successes.

    For more information, see Amsterdam's City Action Plan.


    City of Oslo

    Together, the City of Oslo and its inhabitants will contribute to sustainable development that takes care of Oslo as a coastal city and protects its values ​​for future generations by encouraging innovative and smart solutions that can be scaled up and further developed.

    In order for Oslo to succeed in the effort to reduce the unnecessary use of plastic and disposable single-use articles, they have committed to a holistic approach that takes into account several sectors, while at the same time cooperating with actors within the field of waste management.

    The overall goal of the City Action Plan is:

    1. To reduce the unnecessary use of plastic and disposable items in Oslo 
    2. To prevent marine pollution
    3. To clean-up the inner Oslofjord

    Key directions for circular governance in Oslo's City Action Plan, include:

    1. Cooperation with different stakeholders to create a stronger sense of ownership of the plan's content and consequently a stronger commitment to its objectives.
    2. Development of a framework that ensures results are effectively measured and effects of adopted measures are evaluated.
    3. Anchoring of the action plan is made at a high level to ensure political commitment and follow-up of measures are carried out.

    The City has also hired full-time staff to coordinate and follow-up the action plan and its measures, as well as a resource group responsible for internal efforts and reviewing the plan every second year. 

    The City has also put in place a mechanism for funding projects/initiatives which contribute to the goals of the action plan. There is a high focus on cooperation both internally and with external actors, both of the private sector, NGOs and others.

    In 2020, the City will audit the action plan and update its contents for a new period starting 2021.

    For more information, see the City of Oslo' Action Plan to Reduce Plastic Pollution.


    City of Dubrovnik

    The City of Dubrovnik formally adopted the first plan of actions to tackle its plastic pollution by 2026, including key measures to reduce waste production and improve waste collection and disposal.

    The Plan signed by Mayor Mato Franković was developed in collaboration with the Association for Nature, Environment and Sustainable Development Sunce and WWF, as part of the Plastic Smart Cities Initiative.

    The city has committed to take measures and actions that will reduce its amount of disposed plastic waste by 30% in a pilot area by 2022,  and by 55% at the city level by 2025. 

    For more information, see the City of Dubrovnik's City Action Plan.


    City of Trojir

    At a two-day workshop held at the City Hall of Trogir on June 28 and 29, the City of Trogir officially adopted the Action Plan for Reducing Plastic Pollution for 2021 - 2026, which includes the implementation of measures and activities to reduce the leakage of plastic waste into the environment. It is the second city in Croatia, after Dubrovnik, to adopt such a plan.

    For more information, see the City of Trojir's City Action Plan.



    In addition to creating an Action Plan, cities can participate in City Waste Rating Programs, develop Public Awareness Initiatives and promote Youth-led Initiatives

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