Edible packaging made of natural, biodegradable plant-based materials can be eaten on the go, without a need for waste collection, processing, recycling or disposal. 

TARGET USERS: Individuals, Businesses, Industry, Government

KEY CONSIDERATIONS: Edible packaging is made of zero waste packaging materials that can be utilized for food and beverages.





    Single-use bottles and plastic packaging generates large volumes of waste, and contributes to ocean plastic pollution. Collection remains a significant challenge in the developing world, where waste management infrastructure is lacking; this leads to significant volumes of plastic leaking into nature.



    Research groups and the food and pharmaceutical industries recognize edible packaging as a useful alternative to conventional packaging to reduce waste and to create novel applications for improving product stability, quality, safety, variety, and convenience for consumers.

    Edible packaging made of seaweed, sugar cane, seafood and other natural biodegradable materials can be eaten on the go, without a need for waste collection, processing, recycling or disposal. Edible packaging takes the concept of biodegradable plastics to a new level, utilizing edible materials to package food and beverages.



    Plant based packaging is being researched and developed by a number of organizations, however commercialization and take-up of this technology is at a relatively early stage.



    Notpla is an edible pakaging. It’s a spherical packaging made from one of nature’s most renewable resource, brown seaweed. Growing up to 1m per day, it doesn’t compete with food crops, doesn’t need fresh water or fertilizer and actively contributes to de-acidifying our oceans.

    This waste-free alternative to plastic bottles and cups is made from a proprietary material that is cheaper than plastic and that which can encapsulate any beverage including water, soft drinks, spirits and cosmetics.

    Notpla provides the convenience of plastic packaging while limiting the environmental impact. See products, including Ooho water and edible satchets: https://www.notpla.com/products/


    Evoware, based in Indonesia’s capital Jakarta, Launched in 2016. The start-up has had significant success in selling edible cups called ‘Ello Jello’, as well as edible packaging including food films, burger wraps and coffee and noodle-flavoring sachets. The products are odorless, tasteless and, importantly, meet stringent food safety standards.


    Loliware created a biodegradable and edible cup. The cup, made from agar or seaweed extract, comes with different flavors like yogurt, cherry, and grapefruit.

    In 2012, David Edwards launched WikiCells, an edible packaging for foods and liquids. WikiCells mimic an eggshell and are made of charged polymers and food particles that can be filled with many things like orange juice, wine, or chocolate.

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