Half of the world’s population does not have access to waste management services. This is largely a result of constrained city budgets, as waste management can often consume 50% of a city’s total annual spend. While plastic waste represents a significant economic and environmental cost borne by cities and society as a whole, plastic waste is also a largely untapped opportunity. Waste management is a cooperative process that requires multi-stakeholder engagement - the City Government, businesses, NGOs, and individuals in the community all have an important responsibility to ensure environmentally sound waste management. Disposal is merely the end of the line, the last resort option for materials that cannot be reused or recycled in the waste management process.